Security (S&B/CBRNE) Magazine

Summer 2017

Security & Border Protection and CST & CBRNE Source Book, published jointly, concentrate on WMD response, NGB training, counterterrorism, and border security

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Page 5 of 31

Chemical, Biological and Radiological (CBR) materials continue to be a national threat to the United States. Past and recent events have continued to highlight their elevated usage which our adversaries continue to exploit, providing them with an advantage during asymmetric warfare engagements. Over the last few decades, there have been events such as the Tokyo subway nerve gas attack; anthrax letters at the Hart Senate Office Building; chlorine car and truck bombs in Iraq; radiological fallout from the Fukishima Nuclear Power Plant event and the use of sarin gas rockets in Syria. Unique Challenges to Shipboard Safety As compared to other types of weapons, CBR weapons are easy to obtain, cost effective and can create a heightened level of fear through their usage. For the Department of the Navy, this is even more problematic as shipboard contamination from these materials would cripple our forces in their ability to continue the fight, as our fleet would be contaminated and unable to support the mission. Efforts would need to focus on personnel safety and survivability, while completion of the mission would become secondary. Once a ship is attacked The Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Mason (DDG 87) departs Naval Station Norfolk ahead of Hurricane Irene. Within six months of this event, the Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division (NSWCDD) Waterfront Team installed a new automated chemical warfare agent detection capability called Improved Point Detection System - Lifecycle Replacement (IPDS-LR) aboard the ship. Since then, the Waterfront Team has been installing IPDS-LR on warships throughout the Fleet. The system - designed to quickly alert warfighters to the presence of chemical warfare agents - will be installed on all active guided missile destroyers and cruisers, aircraft carriers, large and small deck amphibious ships, littoral combat ships and dry cargo/ammunition ships by the end of 2018. (U.S. Navy photo by Petty Officer 2nd Class Eric S. Garst) MITIGATING THE MARITIME THREAT Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division (NSWCDD), Dahlgren, VA, recognized the need for heightened chemical, biological, and radiological (CBR) readiness to maintain mission effectiveness. There are numerous CBR systems aboard ships which include items such as decontamination stations, collective protection systems, fixed chemical and biological point detection systems, and counter measure wash down systems. All have a distinct purpose – whether it is to sense, shield or sustain against the threat – and all possess their own unique maintenance and sustainment challenges. By Steve Anthony, NSWCDD CBR Defense Division Steve Anthony, Head CBR Defense Division, NSWCDD FLEET PROTECTION CBR DETECTION AND COUNTERMEASURE 4 | S&B / CST & CBRNE | Summer 2017

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