Security (S&B/CBRNE) Magazine

Summer 2017

Security & Border Protection and CST & CBRNE Source Book, published jointly, concentrate on WMD response, NGB training, counterterrorism, and border security

Issue link: http://securitybpcstcbrne.epubxp.com/i/859102

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As a nation, we are in the midst of a unique training and preparedness paradigm shift. The terrorist acts on September 11th marked the beginning of what became a national wake up call. Terrorism became a household word and the mounting threat to our country forcing even the smallest response agencies to consider "What if this happened in our town?" In the years that followed, collective efforts to remedy long-standing inter-agency communications, training, and planning issues were addressed. The National Incident Management System was introduced and eventually began deconstructing traditional training silos. Many communities saw a spike in citizen response teams being formed, or, in many cases, revitalization of leadership, attendance, training and equipment available. Moreover, community response agencies began embracing ancillary team's capabilities and including them in preparation and exercises. It's not surprising that we all created plans for what we determined to be credible risks to our communities. Societal Reality of Mass Shootings As a nation, we have been forced to prepare for the unthinkable as if it were inevitable. Schoolteachers are instructing students on what to do if there is an active shooter. Businesses are including dynamic threat responses in their disaster plans. The Department of Homeland Security's "Stop the Bleed" Campaign encourages grassroots efforts that encourage bystanders to become trained, equipped and empowered to help in bleeding emergencies before help arrives, to include tourniquet application. Thankfully data on TQ use and the survivability of its application reversed previously held biases and has equipped emergency responders and Good Samaritans. This leads me into how agencies are training responders. Simulator manufacturers have responded to the need to create realistic training equipment. Everything from human and canine models to augmented reality goggles that immerse students in virtual environments. Trauma training simulators have empowered trainers to create hyper-realistic training scenarios. Skill task trainers that are designed for "crawl" phases of training should not be overlooked, as they play an important role in developing muscle memory and synthesizing psychomotor skills. High fidelity, wirelessly operated trauma simulators enable educators to create scenarios involving a life-size human that speaks, breathes, bleeds and responds to interventions performed, or can 'die' if there are critical failures. Students need to experience challenges encountered when their hands are bloody and they try to open plastic packaging. What does blood look like when using red vs. green light lenses? These are lessons best learned in a controlled learning environment. Truly ruggedized mannequins are manufactured for austere environments rescuers will be operating in, to include, harsh environmental conditions, confined space/entrapment, HAZMAT & CBRNE situations, underscoring the adage, "Train as you Fight, Fight as you Train." Now couple the human factor of bleeding and screaming with special effects of simulated gunfire, explosions, etc. and you'll soon discover a student's training deficiencies. Stressing students is an important factor in determining where failures are occurring, and the root cause of the failure. Wearable stress monitors are commercially available to capture student's stress levels during exercises and should be considered for training programs interested in capturing student performance metrics. There's No Substitute As we prepare our teams and communities for unthinkable situations, we need to ensure that their training is memorable, lest we forget that what we provide them will make life saving differences. USHERING IN A TRAINING RENAISSANCE Recent decades have seen a rise in school and mass shootings in the U.S. The Department of Homeland Security is working to prepare us for the next one. By Adam Reading (EMT-P, MCIM), Chief Master Sergeant, USAF, Retired Adam Reading Members of multiple Law Enforcement Agencies endeavor to overcome a Live Fire Medicine evolution at Mountain State Tactical Officer's Association Conference in Helena, MT. Evolution requires participants to push through physical discomfort in a challenging and kinetic environment working on high fidelity, ruggedized manikins (TOMmanikin from ITTS pictured) to rapid application simulated wounds. The ability to get this level of training to smaller, less funded agencies comes from unique cooperation with industry (BMK Ventures & Z-Medica directly sponsored this evolution) as well as government opportunities such as the 21st Century Police Initiative and recent DHS grants. Photo by Blair Dell, HMCS (FMF/MCD/PJ) USN (Ret.) INDUSTRY PERSPECTIVE www.tacticaldefensemedia.com 20 | S&B / CST & CBRNE | Summer 2017

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