Security (S&B/CBRNE) Magazine

Spring 2017

Security & Border Protection and CST & CBRNE Source Book, published jointly, concentrate on WMD response, NGB training, counterterrorism, and border security

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Twenty-two Active Guard Reserve (AGR), Army and Air, comprise the six sections of Maryland's 32nd WMD- CST. The 22 personnel, all certified hazardous materials (HAZMAT) technicians, work in one of the following six sections, command, operations, administration/ logistics, medical/analytical, communications, and survey. Initial entry-level training consist of a 2-month course. Shortly thereafter, team members attend specialized training according to their duty position of the section they are assigned. The overall core mission is to support civil authorities at domestic CBRN incident sites by identifying CBRN agents and related substances, assessing current and projected consequences, advising on proper response measures, and assisting civil authorities with appropriate requests for additional resources. Enhanced Standardization During his 16-month tenure as 32nd CST Commander beginning in January 2016, LTC DiNenna has seen an increase in standardization protocol implementation by the National Guard CWMD Division in terms of operational, logistical, and administrative functions across the breadth of CST responsibilities. The evaluation of these standards was completed through exercises and evaluations, enabling CSTs to multiply their capabilities through the sharing of CST personnel across the nation for specific mission support. "I sent 2 personnel to support the recent 117th Boston Marathon effort, a good example of how we can 'plug and play' folks from CST to CST in support of efforts requiring more personnel and, in some cases, skill sets beyond the ability for one CST to provide," said LTC Matthew O. DiNenna, Commander, 32nd WMD-CST, MD Army National Guard (MDARNG). "This is possible because overall CST training and operational practices, though differing somewhat due to climate and terrain differences across the nation, is largely shared, enabling the cross-application of personnel where and when they are needed." That said, the number of missions that a CST records annually may in some, if not large, part only involve a portion of a team's full personnel compliment since for many exercises, personnel are shared across other CSTs. "We gain credit for support missions involving MD personnel embedded within other CSTs as they do when their personnel are supporting our operations," said DiNenna. The MD 32nd CST supported recent 2016 Fleet Week exercises in Baltimore which included a Zumwalt-class commissioning, where 22 CST of the 32nd's personnel were supplemented by an additional 26 personnel from other CSTs. Once needed capabilities are identified, requests are sent to the National Guard Bureau Counter Weapons of Mass Destruction (CWMD) Division and others to CSTs, determination is made as to funding and logistical needs in getting skilled personnel to targeted mission sites. Key to this is the CWMD Division established and updated Individual Training Requirements Matrix responsible for decision- making regarding personnel requirements. "CWMD work is critical to prevent any duplication of skill sets that may unintentionally minimize capability elsewhere," DiNenna emphasized. One of the primary benefits to this "plug and play" philosophy that LTC DiNenna notes is the benefit that his personnel receive through cross training. "Since many of the critical positions on the team are 'one-deep', it is important to train other team members to perform these tasks," emphasized DiNenna. "For instance, the team has one Nuclear Medical Science Officer (NMSO) and at times, due to mandatory schools, missions, or leave, the NMSO may not be available. Cross training allows us to fill that capability gap. Additionally, the increased level of training each soldier receives makes them a better CST operator and can open doors for future opportunities." DiNenna says. The MD CST has 3 qualified Analytical Laboratory System (ALS) operators, all of whom who won the Czarneck-Stone Award for correctly identifying all 12 unknown CBRN agents in monthly tests administered by Signature Science Laboratories. Perpetual Scenario Preparedness Capabilities in CBRN readiness within the National Capital Region (NCR) are extensive. "Partnerships with the federal agencies located in the NCR are key to preparedness in terms of emergency response for both man-made and natural disasters such as hurricane potential in the Chesapeake Bay region," noted DiNenna. "We work closely with the U.S. Coast Guard and Port Authority in employing detection capabilities to assist in ensuring cargo entering the Port of Baltimore poses no threat to the region." The 32nd CST is currently in early planning stages for Operation Vigilant Guard in 2018, a NORTHCOM/NGB exercise involving MAINTAINING PRECISION READINESS Maryland's 32nd Weapons of Mass Destruction-Civil Support Team (WMD-CST), MD Army National Guard (MDARNG) supports civil authorities during man-made or natural disaster incidents, potentially involving chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) substances by identifying any CBRN agents or other hazardous substances, assessing current and projected consequences, advising on response measures, and assisting with requests for additional support. Teams are under the control of state governors so they can respond quickly in their respective states and regions. By Christian Sheehy, CST & CBRNE Editor 32nd WMD-CST survey team members check the doorway for potential CBRN hazards prior to making entry into the target building. (MDARNG) LTC DiNenna Commander 32nd WMD-CST ENHANCING INTEROPERABILITY MD 32nd WMD-CST 4 | S&BP and CST & CBRNE | Spring 2017

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