Security (S&B/CBRNE) Magazine

WIN 2016-2017

Security & Border Protection and CST & CBRNE Source Book, published jointly, concentrate on WMD response, NGB training, counterterrorism, and border security

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Page 6 of 31

S&BP: Please speak to your role/mission as Deputy Commandant, United States Coast Guard. VADM Ray: The Homeland Security Act of 2002 established 11 statutory missions, organized under six programs at Coast Guard Headquarters. Coast Guard (CG) operations are managed through a "Prevention/Response" platform that prevents, protects against, responds to, and recovers from maritime incidents. In my capacity as Deputy Commandant for Operations (DCO), I develop and oversee the strategic-level operations policy, planning, and development of resources so the Service remains "Always Ready" to ensure the safety, security and stewardship of our Nation's maritime domain. This oversight of CG missions, programs, and services includes: intelligence; international affairs; cyber; the maritime transportation system; commercial regulations and inspections; Search and Rescue; Maritime Security; Law Enforcement; Defense Operations; Environ- mental Response; and Contingency Planning. Our operational capa- bilities consist of Coast Guard cutters, boats, aviation assets, shore forces, Deployable Specialized Forces and global communications. The CG stands watch over more than 95,000 miles of shoreline and inland waterways, including the world's largest Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), encompassing 3.4 million square nautical miles of ocean, and saves approximately 5,000 lives each year. My job is to ensure our Service is postured to enable and protect the Maritime Transportation System (MTS) by reducing maritime risk and responding to disasters in the homeland through use of our unique authorities as both a military service and a law enforcement agency, and our ability to take immediate action as a first responder. To accomplish our multifaceted missions, we work very closely with, and rely on, our partners in the private sector as well as Federal, State, Local and tribal governments. S&BP: From a current challenges perspective, please speak to some key areas of focus for the USCG heading into 2017. VADM Ray: From my perspective as DCO in 2017, I want to focus on improving those areas that help buy down risk to our personnel, the maritime transportation system and the American public. Those key areas include: recapitalizing our aging fleet and infrastructure; building and investing in a proficient workforce; securing and defending the maritime borders; and protecting sovereign interests and managing increased activity in the Polar regions. The biggest factor in the continued success of the CG remains our dedicated and talented workforce. Today's acquisition efforts and workforce initiatives will outfit our people with the tools necessary to shape our capabilities and operational effectiveness for decades to come, such as the acquisition of the Offshore Patrol Cutter that will replace 40-50 year old cutters, improving our capabilities and increas- ing safety for our personnel. In order to respond to increased mission demand and major inci- dent response operations, the CG needs an appropriately sized and trained workforce, balancing multi-mission versatility with specialized proficiency to meet steady-state demands while maintaining surge capacity for major contingencies. With a properly outfitted and trained workforce, and through increased cooperation with domestic and international partners, the CG will remain in position to secure and defend the maritime borders against all threats and all hazards. Guid- ing documents, such as the CG's Western Hemisphere Strategy, Cyber Strategy and Arctic Strategy, as well as initiatives like the Cooperative Strategy for 21 st Century Seapower and Security Sector Assistance Strategy, help unify efforts across governments and demonstrate the importance of our extensive partnerships in helping building and main- taining a safe, secure and resilient MTS. We also recognize that growing activity in the increasingly ice-free Polar regions has created demands across the spectrum of our mis- sions. Preserving U.S. sovereign interests requires assured access to the Polar regions and drives the recapilization of our heavy icebreak- ers. In addition, rising sea level, diminishing ice and an increase in severe weather poses a threat to coastal communities, requiring long- term planning for our infrastructure in those areas. In 2015, we helped establish the Arctic CG Forum, consisting of service representatives from the eight Arctic nations. Through that body, the CG is leading planning efforts to improve governance and mitigate the impacts of increased activity in the Polar regions. S&BP: From an energy perspective, how are USCG assets facilitating efforts with other DoD agencies to maximize mission through primary/ alternative energy options. VADM Ray: We are in the process of formalizing new and updating existing inter-agency agreements to provide boat and aviation fuel to our vast network of operational and geographic partners, including other DHS components, DOD and other Federal agencies. The transfer of fuel to and from CG assets and operational locations is tracked by our Office of Energy Management and will aid all of our partners in achieving their core missions and allow for more cost effective and economical operations on both sides of the partnership. We have been partnering with the Defense Logistics Agency for years to procure over 90% of our annual fuel needs. We fully intend to acquire alternatives as they become available and have been partici- pating in the robust technical evaluation of alternative fuels with the U.S. Navy and others over the last decade. Additionally, the CG has a large existing inventory of gasoline powered outboard engine boats, and we are spearheading the effort to evaluate replacement with die- sel outboard engines at our Research and Development Center. This replacement could eliminate quality and storage stability concerns associated with today's gasoline, and provide an expanded operational interface between our larger diesel fueled surface assets and our boats while underway. In addition to enabling the consumption of 2 nd genera- tion alternative diesel fuels certified for the marine environment, the benefits of transitioning to diesel from gasoline include a reduction of overall fuel consumption and thus fuel costs, a reduction in explo- sion hazards during maintenance, increased safety to personnel, and streamlined logistics and provisioning processes. Our FY17 diesel outboard operational testing will expand to include multiple providers of diesel outboard motors; that research is being actively shared with Naval Sea Systems Command, Combatant Craft Division, and other boat fleet owners. We have also leveraged energy performance contracts to install renewable energy on CG owned land and will continue to do so as energy efficiency projects are identified and developed. S&BP: What additional considerations must the Coast Guard take into account from an energy and environmental standpoint specific to operating in the Arctic Region? VADM Ray: There has been recent emphasis on the U.S. role as an Arctic nation with broad and fundamental interests in the region. The Coast Guard plays a key role, ensuring we meet our national security OPERATIONS UPDATE USCG FLEET OPS Winter 2016/2017 | S&BP AND CST & CBRNE | 5

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