Security (S&B/CBRNE) Magazine

SUM 2016

Security & Border Protection and CST & CBRNE Source Book, published jointly, concentrate on WMD response, NGB training, counterterrorism, and border security

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tacticaldefensemedia.com 26 | S&BP and CST & CBRNE l Summer 2016 WMD Threat Reduction and Destruction The U.S. Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) makes the world safer by countering the existential threat posed by Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). By Ms. Shari Durand, Acting Director, DTRA T he U.S. Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) makes the world safer each day by countering the existential threat posed by Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). Our expertise spans the full WMD threat spectrum – chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear weapons, and high yield explosives (CBRNE). We are a "one-stop- shop," open 24 hours a day and the only U.S. government entity with this type of unique concentration in this critical mission area. As a Combat Support Agency, we support the Combatant Commanders and Military Services in responding to any WMD threat. This requires us to not only address current needs but also to anticipate future threats to the Warfighter. In our Defense Agency role, we manage a research and development portfolio to develop tools and capabilities for the Warfighter. Every day, approximately 1900 people from our organization go to work in locations around the United States and around the world focused on one thing; safeguarding the American people from these WMD threats. Our success is determined by what didn't happen –what we prevented, what we helped to interdict, what we eliminated, what we mitigated, and how prepared we are to respond. Joint and Foreign Cooperation The potential acquisition and use of WMD poses a threat to United States national security and peace and stability around the world. Working with partner countries, other government stakeholders and international organizations, we focus on building a capacity and capability to detect, secure, make safe, report, and eliminate WMD. Specifically, DTRA has been proactively working with our allies to dismantle ISIL's Chemical Warfare capability and deny ISIL and other non- state actors access to chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear WMD-useable materials and expertise. We will continue to work to hold accountable any individuals, companies, or institutions that are found to have supplied ISIL with weapons-useable WMD materials for their actions. We have a very close and extremely important relationship with U.S. Strategic Command USSTRATCOM. In fact, the USSTRATCOM Center for Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction (SCC-WMD), is co-located and fully integrated with DTRA in order to leverage capabilities and expertise. The SCC-WMD advises combatant commands on WMD-related matters, provides critical planning expertise and develops recommendations to reduce vulnerabilities and improve Department of Defense effectiveness in combating WMD. In addition, DTRA has close working relationships with every geographic and functional combatant commands around the world. Among many things, we provide planning support and technical and operational mission expertise. We also offer reachback support – the DoD's "9-1-1" for WMD emergencies, where nuclear physicists, EOD experts, meteorologists, chemical engineers, microbiologists and other Ph.D-level experts are able to analyze, model, predict and advise what to do now and what to do next on a myriad of industrial accidents to natural disasters. Industry Partnering DTRA's relationship with industry is vital to successfully address the threats that we face in this day and age. In order to destroy 600 metric tons of stockpiled Syrian chemical weapons materials, we partnered with other government and commercial entities to develop and deploy an innovative solution to address the issue --a field-deployable hydrolysis system to eliminate the materials aboard a cargo ship at sea. Not only was this ground-breaking mission successful, the elimination equipment was procured, fitted and operational in just 66 days. When an outbreak of Ebola in West Africa threatened to grow out of control, DTRA/SCC responded with medical countermeasures and innovative technologies, such as the EZ-Assay, vaccines and therapeutics and the Transportation Isolation System (TIS), built by an American manufacturer in St. Louis. The TIS systems give the Department of Defense a critical capability that it didn't possess FULL-SPECTRUM THREAT Neutralization

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