Security (S&B/CBRNE) Magazine

SUM 2016

Security & Border Protection and CST & CBRNE Source Book, published jointly, concentrate on WMD response, NGB training, counterterrorism, and border security

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tacticaldefensemedia.com 18 | S&BP and CST & CBRNE l Summer 2016 NBC Threat Prevention Contamination Avoidance CST & CBRNE: From an NBC obscuration perspective, speak to some focus areas that are driving the current mission set. COL Woods: Changes in the U.S. Army force structure and the proliferation of advanced sensor technologies to state and non-state actors demand a re-assessment of the Army's obscuration needs. In July 2015, the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army (VCSA) directed the development of an obscuration study to identify the way ahead for obscuration capability. Further, the VCSA directed the Army retain a sufficient number of M56 large area obscuration systems to allow time for development of a potential replacement. JPM-NBC CA, Edgewood Chemical Biological Center, PM-IEWS and the Maneuver Support Center of Excellence are jointly conducting a Functional Needs Assessment to examine what capabilities are required to provide U.S. dominance of the electromagnetic spectrum. A new program, the Screening Obscuration Module (SOM), started this year to address the Army's need for a generated, visual obscuration screening capability which employs in both mounted (combat vehicles) and dismounted configurations (ground emplaced) to provide a medium-area visual to near infrared screening capability. The SOM replaces traditional smoke pots that have safety and performance limitations. The JPM- NBC CA successfully demonstrated the SOM in a robotic configuration at the Network Integration Exercise 16.1 at White Sands Missile Range. It begins fielding in FY21. CST & CBRNE: From an NBC reconnaissance perspective, speak to some focus areas that are driving the current mission set. COL Woods: Improving our mounted reconnaissance capability, the Nuclear Biological Chemical Reconnaissance Vehicle (NBCRV) Sensor Suite Upgrade Program started this year and will integrate six replacement sensors into the Stryker NBCRV. • The Chemical Surface Detector (CSD), a new liquid/solid surface contamination detector, will replace the Dual Wheeled Sampling System (DWSS) and increase the maneuver speed of the NBCRV. • The NGCD (Sample Analysis Detector) will replace the Chemical and Biological Mass Spectrometer II (CBMS II) as the confirmatory identifier for ground liquid hazards. This will increase sensitivity and improve reliability. • The Joint Biological Tactical Detection System (JBTDS) will replace the Joint Biological Point Detection System (JBPDS) for biological detection and identification, reducing both size and weight while increasing identification sensitivity. • The NGCD (Detector Alarm) will augment the Joint Chemical Agent Detector (JCAD) to increase sensitivity and identify emerging threat aerosols. • We will conduct a cost-benefit analysis on extending the range of the Joint Service Light Standoff Chemical Agent Detector (JSLSCAD). • The Manned Mounted Platform Radiological Detection System (MMPRDS) will replace the AN/VDR-2 and UDR-13 radioactive/nuclear sensors to consolidate capabilities and address obsolescence issues. We expect these upgrades will improve capabilities and increase reliability while reducing the maintenance burden of the NBCRV. The Dismounted Reconnaissance Sets, Kits, and Outfits (DR SKO) Increment One program increases the conventional Joint Force's (Army, Nav y, Air Force and Marines) capability to conduct dismounted CBRN reconnaissance at suspected locations, Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) detection or denial, and characterization of hazardous material events and accidents. Comprised of equipment packaged in Quadcon storage containers or on pallets (allowing for tailoring of equipment sets), components include personal protective equipment, detection and identification sensors, sampling equipment and support equipment. The program is in the production and fielding phase but market surveillance is ongoing to avoid obsolescence and also provide the potential to insert new technologies as they become available. The DR SKO (Increment Two) starts in FY18 and will provide additional capability not present in the current DR SKO for confirming, characterizing, and communicating the threat. Technical forces require a set of advanced CBRN components to support exploitation of sensitive sites which provides enhanced mission time, monitoring of the environment while onsite, enhanced field confirmation, and net-centric collection and reporting. This program will field systems to Army technical forces, WMD CSTs and the USMC CBRF. CST & CBRNE: Feel free to speak to other current/ forward-looking objectives. COL Woods: One forward looking area of opportunity is Colorimetric Sensor Array (CSA) technology. We are tracking commercial and developmental efforts in colorimetric chemistry for Chemical and Biological (CB) sensing applications. Colorimetric chemistry offers a low cost, lightweight option that can potentially adapt to CBE sensing of traditional and emerging threats. Our Reactive-chemistry Orthogonal Surface and Environmental Threat Ticket Array (ROSETTA) program (planned for FY18 start) will leverage the chemistries of the CSAs to enhance the capabilities of fielded handheld detectors. The Joint Exposure Status Sensor (JESS) is another new program exploring wearable sensors to monitor health status. Miniaturized, wearable sensors could enhance individual and higher headquarters' awareness of exposure from hazardous CB environments. Autonomic or metabolic physiological indicators

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