Security (S&B/CBRNE) Magazine

SPR 2016

Security & Border Protection and CST & CBRNE Source Book, published jointly, concentrate on WMD response, NGB training, counterterrorism, and border security

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Page 27 of 35 26 | S&BP and CST & CBRNE | Spring 2016 Terror Response Training Adaptability defnes anti-terrorism response training through teaming efforts with international partners. By Jeffrey B. Roth, Tripwire, Inc. I n the latter part of the 20th Century, reaction to terrorist attacks predominated the response by civil law enforcement and the military. After each incident, strategic and tactical approaches have evolved to focus on the identification and neutralization of IEDs, the favored weapon of 21st foreign and domestic terrorists, said Ryan J. Morris, CEO of Tripwire Operations Group, based in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. "Being able to identify IEDs and home-made explosives is a critical skill for today's law enforcement officer," said Morris, a veteran police officer, who was in charge of Penn State's bomb squad and former Department of Homeland Security Supervisory Explosive Specialist. "We know that pipe bombs and other explosive devices were used by the suspects in both San Bernardino and Paris; and in the recent attacks in Belgium, suicide bombers wore Triacetone Triperoxide, TATP, explosive devices." Tripwire operates a 25,000-acre training facility in Lanett, Alabama, which allows instructors to train elite military and law enforcement units on IEDs and vehicle bombs, Morris, who formerly worked with Baltimore's Homeland Security explosives division, explained. To date, Tripwire has trained more than 12,500 first responders to detect and neutralize IEDs, and in large vehicle bomb countermeasures. Students are provided with hands- on training typical bomb components. Other team members include Josh Mills, the military explosives technician; J.R. Huff, program manager of the K-9 training unit, a retired law enforcement officer from Georgia; Michael Loney, a K-9 trainer, who worked for a police department in New York City; and Joris Kerckhof, a retired Belgium Federal Police K-9 trainer, who serves as the international program director. In 2005, Tripwire was awarded a $1.5 million Department of Military and Veterans Affairs contract to train first responders in the National Incident Management System, (NIMS), as well as weapons of mass destruction training as part of the Northeast Counterdrug Training Center), for law enforcement, fire and EMS, personnel and first responders at Ft Indiantown Gap, Annville, Pa., headquarters for the Pennsylvania National Guard. When bomb disposal units respond to an active incident, fire and EMS personnel provide support, in the form of fire, rescue, emergency medical, traffic and crowd control services, Morris said. Tripwire trains first responders to get people out of bomb suits. They also learn about blast effects and bomb-trauma related injuries. Tripwire has provided explosive related training to many federal law enforcement agencies and hundreds of state and local government agencies—the U. S. Department of Defense, ATF, FBI, Secret Service, the Virginia State Police and the New Jersey State Police. "For dogs, the smell of an explosive changes with its amount. If the dogs are trained to detect a pound of ammonium nitrate, they may miss something the size of Timothy McVeigh's truck bomb," said Morris. "Most departments train on small amounts of explosive because they have neither the money nor the resources to buy and store massive bulk. Tripwire overcomes this by offering the resources and facilities to train canines on bulk odor recognition. Tripwire's K-9 training courses place particular emphasis on a wide range of conventional and homemade explosives in varying quantities." Tripwire's Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation (RDTE) program conducts laboratory and field experiments in support of national defense applications for science and technology. In the lab, scientists, technicians, and operations specialists carry out projects involving chemical synthesis and analysis. In the field, Tripwire RDTE investigates energetic events, hazardous materials, countermeasures and detection equipment. "Once you have detected and identified the IED, you need the tools to render it safe," Morris said. "A vehicle with a hundred pounds of dynamite and packed with roofing nails and ball- bearings is going to require a specific tool: namely Tripwire's Aquaram Mini. The Aquaram family of tactical disruptors is designed to neutralize threats ranging in size from suspicious packages to cargo containers." Recently, Tripwire partnered with ScentLogix, an Annapolis, COUNTERING TERROR THROUGH INCIDENT EVALUATION Reporter Amy Lutz, (in bomb suit), with Adams County Sheriff James Muller, gets to experience what it's like to do a job in the heavy bomb gear. (Jeffrey B. Roth)

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